HangZhou Factory Forging Precision Stainless Steel Splines Gear Shaft
1. Produce strictly in accordance with ANSI or DIN standard dimension
2. Material: SCM 415 steel
3. Bore: Finished bore
4. Precision grade: DIN 5
5. Surface treatment: Carburizing and Quenching
6. Module: Module 1.5, Module 2, Module 2.5, Module 3
7. Tooth: From Z10 to Z13
|Product name||Spur Gear & Helical Gear & Gear Shaft|
|Customized service||OEM, drawings or samples customize|
|Materials Available||Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, S45C, SCM415, 20CrMoTi, 40Cr, Brass, SUS303/304, Bronze, Iron, Aluminum Alloy etc|
|Heat Treatment||Quenching & Tempering, Carburizing & Quenching, High-frequency Hardening, Carbonitriding……|
|Surface Treatment||Conditioning, Carburizing and Quenching,Tempering ,High frequency quenching, Tempering, Blackening, QPQ, Cr-plating, Zn-plating, Ni-plating, Electroplate, Passivation, Picking, Plolishing, Lon-plating, Chemical vapor deposition(CVD), Physical vapour deposition(PVD)…|
|BORE||Finished bore, Pilot Bore, Special request|
|Processing Method||Molding, Shaving, Hobbing, Drilling, Tapping, Reaming, Manual Chamfering, Grinding etc|
|Pressure Angle||20 Degree|
|Size||Customer Drawings & ISO standard|
|Package||Wooden Case/Container and pallet, or made-to-order|
|Machining Process||Gear Hobbing, Gear Milling, Gear Shaping, Gear Broaching, Gear Shaving, Gear Grinding and Gear Lapping|
|Applications||Printing Equipment Industry, Laser Equipment Industry, Automated Assemblyline Industry, Woodening Industry, Packaging Equipment Industry, Logistics storage Machinery Industry, Robot Industry, Machine Tool Equipment Industry|
HangZhou CHINAMFG Gear Machinery Co.,LTD established in 2009, is a professional manufacture engaged in development, production, sales and service of timing pulley, precise spur gears, helical gears, bevel gear, worm& worm gear and so on. We located in HangZhou with convenient transposition excite. CHINAMFG Gear Machinery dedicated to strict quality control and thoughtful customer service. Our experienced staffs are always available to discuss your requirements, and fulfill your satisfaction.
Packaging & Shipping
|Packaging||Polyethylene bag or oil paper for each item;
Pile on carton or as customer’s demand
|Delivery of Samples||By DHL, Fedex, UPS, TNT, EMS|
|Lead time||10-15 working days as usual, 30days in busy season, it will based on the detailed order quantity.|
|Main Markets?||North America, South America, Eastern Europe , West Europe , North Europe, South Europe, Asia|
|How to order?||* You send us drawing or sample|
|* We carry through project assessment|
|* We give you our design for your confirmation|
|* We make the sample and send it to you after you confirmed our design|
|* You confirm the sample then place an order and pay us 30% deposit|
|* We start producing|
|* When the goods is done, you pay us the balance after you confirmed pictures or tracking numbers.|
|* Trade is done, thank you!!|
If you are interested in our products, please tell us which materials, type, width, length u want.
|Application:||Electric Cars, Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Automation Equipment|
|Hardness:||Hardened Tooth Surface|
|Gear Position:||External Gear|
|Manufacturing Method:||Rolling Gear|
|Toothed Portion Shape:||Spur Gear|
What are the different types of spline profiles and their applications?
Spline profiles are used in various applications to transmit torque and motion between mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation of different spline profiles and their applications:
1. Involute Splines:
Involute splines have a trapezoidal tooth profile that allows for smooth engagement and disengagement. They are widely used in power transmission applications, such as automotive gearboxes, where high torque transmission is required. Involute splines provide excellent load distribution and can accommodate misalignment.
2. Straight Sided Splines:
Straight sided splines have straight-sided teeth that provide efficient torque transmission and high torsional stiffness. They are commonly used in applications where precise positioning is required, such as machine tools, robotics, and aerospace systems. Straight sided splines offer accurate motion control and are resistant to misalignment.
Serrations are a type of spline profile with multiple teeth in the form of parallel ridges and grooves. They are often used in applications that involve axial or linear motion, such as indexing mechanisms, clamping systems, or power tools. Serrations provide secure locking and positioning capabilities.
4. Helical Splines:
Helical splines have teeth that are helically shaped, similar to helical gears. They offer smooth and gradual tooth engagement, resulting in reduced noise and vibration. Helical splines are commonly used in applications that require high torque transmission and where quiet operation is critical, such as heavy machinery, industrial equipment, and automotive drivetrains.
5. Crowned Splines:
Crowned splines have a modified tooth profile with a slight curvature along the tooth length. This design helps distribute the load evenly across the tooth surfaces, reducing stress concentrations and improving load-carrying capacity. Crowned splines are used in applications where high load capacity and resistance to wear are essential, such as heavy-duty gearboxes, marine propulsion systems, or mining equipment.
6. Ball Splines:
Ball splines incorporate recirculating ball bearings within the spline nut and grooves on the shaft. This design enables linear motion with low friction and high precision. Ball splines are commonly used in applications that require smooth linear motion, such as CNC machines, robotics, or linear actuators.
7. Custom Splines:
In addition to the standard spline profiles mentioned above, custom spline profiles can be designed for specific applications based on unique requirements. Custom splines can be tailored to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, misalignment compensation, or other specific performance parameters.
The choice of spline profile depends on factors such as the magnitude of torque, required accuracy, misalignment tolerance, noise and vibration considerations, and environmental conditions. Engineers and designers carefully select the appropriate spline profile to ensure optimal performance and reliability in the intended application.
What materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts?
Various materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a list of commonly used materials:
Steel is one of the most widely used materials for spline shafts. Different grades of steel, such as carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel, can be employed based on factors like strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Steel offers excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, durability, and wear resistance, making it suitable for a broad range of applications.
2. Alloy Steel:
Alloy steel is a type of steel that contains additional alloying elements, such as chromium, molybdenum, or nickel. These alloying elements enhance the mechanical properties of the steel, providing improved strength, toughness, and wear resistance. Alloy steel spline shafts are commonly used in applications that require high torque capacity, durability, and resistance to fatigue.
3. Stainless Steel:
Stainless steel is known for its corrosion resistance properties, making it suitable for applications where the spline shaft is exposed to moisture or corrosive environments. Stainless steel spline shafts are commonly used in industries such as food processing, chemical processing, marine, and medical equipment.
Aluminum is a lightweight material with good strength-to-weight ratio. It is often used in applications where weight reduction is a priority, such as automotive and aerospace industries. Aluminum spline shafts can provide advantages such as decreased rotating mass and improved fuel efficiency.
Titanium is a strong and lightweight material with excellent corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in high-performance applications where weight reduction, strength, and corrosion resistance are critical factors. Titanium spline shafts find applications in aerospace, motorsports, and high-end industrial equipment.
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, offering good machinability and corrosion resistance. It is often used in applications that require electrical conductivity or a non-magnetic property. Brass spline shafts can be found in industries such as electronics, telecommunications, and instrumentation.
7. Plastics and Composite Materials:
In certain applications where weight reduction, corrosion resistance, or noise reduction is important, plastics or composite materials can be used for spline shafts. Materials such as nylon, acetal, or fiber-reinforced composites can provide specific advantages in terms of weight, low friction, and resistance to chemicals.
It’s important to note that material selection for spline shafts depends on factors such as load requirements, environmental conditions, operating temperatures, and cost considerations. Engineers and designers evaluate these factors to determine the most suitable material for a given application.
What are the key components and design features of a spline shaft?
A spline shaft consists of several key components and incorporates specific design features to ensure its functionality and performance. Here’s a detailed explanation:
1. Shaft Body:
The main component of a spline shaft is the shaft body, which provides the structural integrity and serves as the base for the spline features. The shaft body is typically cylindrical in shape and made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, or other alloyed metals. The material selection depends on factors like the application requirements, torque loads, and environmental conditions.
The splines are the key design feature of a spline shaft. They are ridges or teeth that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. The splines create the interlocking mechanism with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the application requirements and design specifications.
3. Spline Profile:
The spline profile refers to the specific shape or geometry of the splines. Common types of spline profiles include involute, straight-sided, and serrated. The spline profile is chosen based on factors such as the torque transmission requirements, load distribution, and the desired engagement characteristics with mating components. The spline profile ensures optimal contact and torque transfer between the spline shaft and the mating component.
4. Spline Fit:
The spline fit refers to the dimensional relationship between the spline shaft and the mating component. It determines the clearance or interference between the splines, ensuring proper engagement and transmission of torque. The spline fit can be categorized into different classes, such as clearance fit, transition fit, or interference fit, based on the desired level of clearance or interference.
5. Surface Finish:
The surface finish of the spline shaft is crucial for its performance. The splines and the shaft body should have a smooth and consistent surface finish to minimize friction, wear, and the risk of stress concentrations. The surface finish can be achieved through machining, grinding, or other surface treatment methods to meet the required specifications.
To ensure smooth operation and reduce wear, lubrication is often employed for spline shafts. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and lubricating properties are applied to the spline interface to minimize friction, dissipate heat, and prevent premature wear or damage to the splines and mating components. Lubrication also helps in maintaining the functionality and prolonging the service life of the spline shaft.
7. Machining Tolerances:
Precision machining is critical for spline shafts to achieve the required dimensional accuracy and ensure proper engagement with mating components. Tight machining tolerances are maintained during the manufacturing process to ensure the spline profile, dimensions, and surface finish meet the specified design requirements. This ensures the interchangeability and compatibility of spline shafts in various applications.
In summary, the key components and design features of a spline shaft include the shaft body, splines, spline profile, spline fit, surface finish, lubrication, and machining tolerances. These elements work together to enable torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution while ensuring the functionality, durability, and performance of the spline shaft.
editor by CX 2023-09-20