Tag Archives: standard gear

China Standard Precision Transmission /Drive/Axle/Auto/Spline/Machinery Parts/ Rotor Gear Customized Machining Knurling Shaft

Product Description

Precision Shaft by CNC Turning Machining

Our advantage:

*Specialization in CNC formulations of high precision and quality
*Independent quality control department
*Control plan and process flow sheet for each batch
*Quality control in all whole production
*Meeting demands even for very small quantities or single units
*Short delivery times
*Online orders and production progress monitoring
*Excellent price-quality ratio
*Absolute confidentiality
*Various materials (stainless steel, iron, brass, aluminum, titanium, special steels, industrial plastics)
*Manufacturing of complex components of 1 – 1000mm.

Production machine:

Inspection equipment :

Certificate:

 

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Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT01-IT5
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in load capacity and weight?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in load capacity and weight in mechanical systems. Here’s how they accomplish this:

1. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from high-strength materials such as steel or alloy, chosen for their ability to withstand heavy loads and provide durability. The selection of materials takes into account factors such as tensile strength, yield strength, and fatigue resistance to ensure the shaft can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

2. Engineering Design:

Spline shafts are designed with consideration for the anticipated loads and weights they will encounter. The dimensions, profile, and number of splines are determined based on the expected torque requirements and the magnitude of the applied loads. By carefully engineering the design, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight while maintaining structural integrity and reliable performance.

3. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied loads evenly, preventing localized stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight without compromising their performance.

4. Structural Reinforcement:

In applications with higher load capacities or heavier weights, spline shafts may incorporate additional structural features to enhance their strength. This can include thicker spline teeth, larger spline diameters, or reinforced sections along the shaft. By reinforcing critical areas, spline shafts can handle increased loads and weights while maintaining their integrity.

5. Lubrication and Surface Treatment:

Proper lubrication is essential for spline shafts to handle variations in load capacity and weight. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing premature failure. Additionally, surface treatments such as coatings or heat treatments can enhance the hardness and wear resistance of the spline shaft, improving its ability to handle varying loads and weights.

6. Testing and Validation:

Spline shafts undergo rigorous testing and validation to ensure they meet the specified load capacity and weight requirements. This may involve laboratory testing, simulation analysis, or field testing under real-world conditions. By subjecting spline shafts to thorough testing, manufacturers can verify their performance and ensure they can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

Overall, spline shafts are designed and engineered to handle variations in load capacity and weight by utilizing appropriate materials, optimizing the design, distributing loads effectively, incorporating structural reinforcement when necessary, implementing proper lubrication and surface treatments, and conducting thorough testing and validation. These measures enable spline shafts to reliably transmit torque and handle varying loads in diverse mechanical applications.

spline shaft

What are the key components and design features of a spline shaft?

A spline shaft consists of several key components and incorporates specific design features to ensure its functionality and performance. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Shaft Body:

The main component of a spline shaft is the shaft body, which provides the structural integrity and serves as the base for the spline features. The shaft body is typically cylindrical in shape and made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, or other alloyed metals. The material selection depends on factors like the application requirements, torque loads, and environmental conditions.

2. Splines:

The splines are the key design feature of a spline shaft. They are ridges or teeth that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. The splines create the interlocking mechanism with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the application requirements and design specifications.

3. Spline Profile:

The spline profile refers to the specific shape or geometry of the splines. Common types of spline profiles include involute, straight-sided, and serrated. The spline profile is chosen based on factors such as the torque transmission requirements, load distribution, and the desired engagement characteristics with mating components. The spline profile ensures optimal contact and torque transfer between the spline shaft and the mating component.

4. Spline Fit:

The spline fit refers to the dimensional relationship between the spline shaft and the mating component. It determines the clearance or interference between the splines, ensuring proper engagement and transmission of torque. The spline fit can be categorized into different classes, such as clearance fit, transition fit, or interference fit, based on the desired level of clearance or interference.

5. Surface Finish:

The surface finish of the spline shaft is crucial for its performance. The splines and the shaft body should have a smooth and consistent surface finish to minimize friction, wear, and the risk of stress concentrations. The surface finish can be achieved through machining, grinding, or other surface treatment methods to meet the required specifications.

6. Lubrication:

To ensure smooth operation and reduce wear, lubrication is often employed for spline shafts. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and lubricating properties are applied to the spline interface to minimize friction, dissipate heat, and prevent premature wear or damage to the splines and mating components. Lubrication also helps in maintaining the functionality and prolonging the service life of the spline shaft.

7. Machining Tolerances:

Precision machining is critical for spline shafts to achieve the required dimensional accuracy and ensure proper engagement with mating components. Tight machining tolerances are maintained during the manufacturing process to ensure the spline profile, dimensions, and surface finish meet the specified design requirements. This ensures the interchangeability and compatibility of spline shafts in various applications.

In summary, the key components and design features of a spline shaft include the shaft body, splines, spline profile, spline fit, surface finish, lubrication, and machining tolerances. These elements work together to enable torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution while ensuring the functionality, durability, and performance of the spline shaft.

China Standard Precision Transmission /Drive/Axle/Auto/Spline/Machinery Parts/ Rotor Gear Customized Machining Knurling Shaft  China Standard Precision Transmission /Drive/Axle/Auto/Spline/Machinery Parts/ Rotor Gear Customized Machining Knurling Shaft
editor by CX 2024-05-17

China Standard Customized Precision Stainless Steel Spline Shaft Worm Gear Forging Parts

Product Description

High Precision OEM steel worm gear/shaft 

1. Details:
 

Precision Processing Turning, CNC Turning, Milling, Grinding, Drilling, Tapping and Machining Center
Applied Software PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works, UG, CAD/CAM/CAE
Material Iron, Brass, Bronze, Titanium, Aluminum, Stainless Steel & etc.
Surface Finish Anodize, Polishing, Zinc/Nickel/Chrome/Gold Plating, Sand Blasting, Phosphate Coating & etc.
Tolerance Precision +/-0.005~0.02mm, can also be customized.
Dimension As per customers’ request
Part Color Silver, Red, Blue, Gold, Oliver, Black, White & etc.
Samples Acceptable
Quality System 100% inspection before shipment
Lead Time Based on the quantity of order (Usually 10-15 days)
Packing Anti-rust Paper, Small Box and Carton, full consider of practical situation
Shipping By sea, By air, By DHL, UPS, TNT & etc.
Shipment Port HangZhou

 

 

2.Our Services

e) OEM:According to your drawings and samples requirements.
f) Small order is accepted.
g) Statisfied quality.
h) Comprenhive and efficient after-sale service

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Soft Wire Shaft
Shaft Shape: Stepped Shaft
Samples:
US$ 5/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

What are the different types of spline profiles and their applications?

Spline profiles are used in various applications to transmit torque and motion between mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation of different spline profiles and their applications:

1. Involute Splines:

Involute splines have a trapezoidal tooth profile that allows for smooth engagement and disengagement. They are widely used in power transmission applications, such as automotive gearboxes, where high torque transmission is required. Involute splines provide excellent load distribution and can accommodate misalignment.

2. Straight Sided Splines:

Straight sided splines have straight-sided teeth that provide efficient torque transmission and high torsional stiffness. They are commonly used in applications where precise positioning is required, such as machine tools, robotics, and aerospace systems. Straight sided splines offer accurate motion control and are resistant to misalignment.

3. Serrations:

Serrations are a type of spline profile with multiple teeth in the form of parallel ridges and grooves. They are often used in applications that involve axial or linear motion, such as indexing mechanisms, clamping systems, or power tools. Serrations provide secure locking and positioning capabilities.

4. Helical Splines:

Helical splines have teeth that are helically shaped, similar to helical gears. They offer smooth and gradual tooth engagement, resulting in reduced noise and vibration. Helical splines are commonly used in applications that require high torque transmission and where quiet operation is critical, such as heavy machinery, industrial equipment, and automotive drivetrains.

5. Crowned Splines:

Crowned splines have a modified tooth profile with a slight curvature along the tooth length. This design helps distribute the load evenly across the tooth surfaces, reducing stress concentrations and improving load-carrying capacity. Crowned splines are used in applications where high load capacity and resistance to wear are essential, such as heavy-duty gearboxes, marine propulsion systems, or mining equipment.

6. Ball Splines:

Ball splines incorporate recirculating ball bearings within the spline nut and grooves on the shaft. This design enables linear motion with low friction and high precision. Ball splines are commonly used in applications that require smooth linear motion, such as CNC machines, robotics, or linear actuators.

7. Custom Splines:

In addition to the standard spline profiles mentioned above, custom spline profiles can be designed for specific applications based on unique requirements. Custom splines can be tailored to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, misalignment compensation, or other specific performance parameters.

The choice of spline profile depends on factors such as the magnitude of torque, required accuracy, misalignment tolerance, noise and vibration considerations, and environmental conditions. Engineers and designers carefully select the appropriate spline profile to ensure optimal performance and reliability in the intended application.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be applied in aerospace and aviation equipment?

Yes, spline shafts are commonly applied in aerospace and aviation equipment due to their ability to transmit torque and provide precise rotational motion. Here’s how spline shafts are used in the aerospace and aviation industry:

1. Aircraft Engines:

Spline shafts are utilized in aircraft engines for various purposes. They can be found in the engine’s accessory gearbox, where they transmit torque from the engine to drive auxiliary components such as fuel pumps, hydraulic pumps, generators, and engine starters. Spline shafts are also present in the engine’s variable geometry systems, which control the position of components like variable stator vanes or variable inlet guide vanes.

2. Flight Control Systems:

Spline shafts play a vital role in aircraft flight control systems. They are employed in the actuators and control mechanisms that operate the flaps, ailerons, elevators, rudders, and other control surfaces. Spline shafts enable precise and efficient transfer of control inputs from the cockpit to the respective control surfaces, contributing to the maneuverability and stability of the aircraft.

3. Landing Gear:

Spline shafts are used in the landing gear systems of aircraft. They can be found in components such as the landing gear actuator, which extends and retracts the landing gear, and the steering mechanism that controls the nose wheel. Spline shafts in landing gear systems need to withstand high loads, provide reliable operation, and ensure precise movement for safe and smooth landings and takeoffs.

4. Helicopter Rotors:

Helicopters rely on spline shafts in the main rotor assembly. The main rotor shaft, which transfers power from the helicopter’s engine to the rotor blades, often incorporates splines to ensure a secure connection and efficient torque transmission. Spline shafts are critical for maintaining stable and precise rotation of the rotor blades, allowing for controlled lift and maneuverability.

5. Auxiliary Systems:

Spline shafts are also applied in various auxiliary systems in aerospace and aviation equipment. These include systems such as power transmission for onboard generators, environmental control systems, fuel control systems, and hydraulic systems. Spline shafts in these applications contribute to the reliable operation and efficient functioning of the auxiliary equipment.

In aerospace and aviation applications, spline shafts are designed to meet stringent requirements for strength, durability, precision, and weight reduction. They are often made from high-strength materials such as titanium or alloy steel to withstand the demanding operating conditions and weight constraints of aircraft. Additionally, advanced manufacturing techniques are employed to ensure the dimensional accuracy and quality of spline shafts for critical aerospace applications.

The use of spline shafts in aerospace and aviation equipment enables precise control, efficient power transmission, and reliable operation, contributing to the safety, performance, and functionality of aircraft and related systems.

spline shaft

What is a spline shaft and what is its primary function?

A spline shaft is a mechanical component that consists of a series of ridges or teeth (called splines) that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. Its primary function is to transmit torque while allowing for the relative movement or sliding of mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Structure and Design:

A spline shaft typically has a cylindrical shape with external or internal splines. The external spline shaft has splines on the outer surface, while the internal spline shaft has splines on the inner bore. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the specific application and design requirements.

2. Torque Transmission:

The main function of a spline shaft is to transmit torque between two mating components, such as gears, couplings, or other rotational elements. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a mechanical interlock. When torque is applied to the spline shaft, the engagement between the splines ensures that the rotational force is transferred from the shaft to the mating component, allowing the system to transmit power.

3. Relative Movement:

Unlike other types of shafts, a spline shaft allows for relative movement or sliding between the shaft and the mating component. This sliding motion can be axial (along the shaft’s axis) or radial (perpendicular to the shaft’s axis). The splines provide a precise and controlled interface that allows for this movement while maintaining torque transmission. This feature is particularly useful in applications where axial or radial displacement or misalignment needs to be accommodated.

4. Load Distribution:

Another important function of a spline shaft is to distribute the applied load evenly along its length. The splines create multiple contact points between the shaft and the mating component, which helps to distribute the torque and axial or radial forces over a larger surface area. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure.

5. Versatility and Applications:

Spline shafts find applications in various industries and systems, including automotive, aerospace, machinery, and power transmission. They are commonly used in gearboxes, drive systems, power take-off units, steering systems, and many other rotational mechanisms where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential.

6. Design Considerations:

When designing a spline shaft, factors such as the torque requirements, speed, applied loads, and environmental conditions need to be considered. The spline geometry, material selection, and surface finish are critical for ensuring proper engagement, load-bearing capacity, and durability of the spline shaft.

In summary, a spline shaft is a mechanical component with splines that allows for torque transmission while accommodating relative movement or sliding between mating components. Its primary function is to transmit rotational force, distribute loads, and enable axial or radial displacement in various applications requiring precise torque transfer and flexibility.

China Standard Customized Precision Stainless Steel Spline Shaft Worm Gear Forging Parts  China Standard Customized Precision Stainless Steel Spline Shaft Worm Gear Forging Parts
editor by CX 2024-05-08

China Standard Propeller Transmission Spline Planet Transmission Gear Shaft

Product Description

Customizations to products

                                                                     specification
 WAI No    No Of Teeth Rotation Length(mm) Pinion O.D.(mm) No OF Splines Pinion I.D.(mm) Drive O.D.(mm)
         6/12    CW       126    14      12             
        6/12      CW      117      14      10    

Item Spur Gear Axle Shaft 
Material 4140,4340,40Cr,42Crmo,42Crmo4
OEM NO Customize
Certification ISO/TS16949
Test Requirement Magnetic Powder Test, Hardness Test, Dimension Test
Color Paint , Natural Finish ,Machining All Around
Material Aluminum: 5000series(5052…)/6000series(6061…)/7000series(7075…)
Steel: Carbon Steel,Middle Steel,Steel Alloy,etc.
Stainess Steel: 303/304/316,etc.
Copper/Brass/Bronze/Red Copper,etc.
Plastic:ABS,PP,PC,Nylon,Delrin(POM),Bakelite,etc.
Size According to Customer’s drawing or samples
Process CNC machining,Turning,Milling,Stamping,Grinding,Welding,Wire Injection,Cutting,etc.
Tolerance ≥+/-0.03mm
Surface Treatment (Sandblast)&(Hard)&(Color)Anodizing,(Chrome,Nickel,Zinc…)Plating,Painting,Powder Coating,Polishing,Blackened,Hardened,Lasering,Engraving,etc.
File Formats ProE,SolidWorks,UG,CAD,PDF(IGS,X-T,STP,STL)
Sample Available
Packing Spline protect cover ,Wood box ,Waterproof membrane; Or per customers’ requirements.

Sample service
We provide free sample for confirmation and customer bears the freight charges
OEM service
Having our own factory and professional technicians,we welcome OEM orders as well.We can design and produce the specific product you need according to your detail information
After-sale Service
Our enthusiastic and friendly customer service representatives are ready to assist with any questions or problems /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Appearance Shape: Round
 No of Teeth:  6/12
Rotation: Cw
Samples:
US$ 0/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be applied in aerospace and aviation equipment?

Yes, spline shafts are commonly applied in aerospace and aviation equipment due to their ability to transmit torque and provide precise rotational motion. Here’s how spline shafts are used in the aerospace and aviation industry:

1. Aircraft Engines:

Spline shafts are utilized in aircraft engines for various purposes. They can be found in the engine’s accessory gearbox, where they transmit torque from the engine to drive auxiliary components such as fuel pumps, hydraulic pumps, generators, and engine starters. Spline shafts are also present in the engine’s variable geometry systems, which control the position of components like variable stator vanes or variable inlet guide vanes.

2. Flight Control Systems:

Spline shafts play a vital role in aircraft flight control systems. They are employed in the actuators and control mechanisms that operate the flaps, ailerons, elevators, rudders, and other control surfaces. Spline shafts enable precise and efficient transfer of control inputs from the cockpit to the respective control surfaces, contributing to the maneuverability and stability of the aircraft.

3. Landing Gear:

Spline shafts are used in the landing gear systems of aircraft. They can be found in components such as the landing gear actuator, which extends and retracts the landing gear, and the steering mechanism that controls the nose wheel. Spline shafts in landing gear systems need to withstand high loads, provide reliable operation, and ensure precise movement for safe and smooth landings and takeoffs.

4. Helicopter Rotors:

Helicopters rely on spline shafts in the main rotor assembly. The main rotor shaft, which transfers power from the helicopter’s engine to the rotor blades, often incorporates splines to ensure a secure connection and efficient torque transmission. Spline shafts are critical for maintaining stable and precise rotation of the rotor blades, allowing for controlled lift and maneuverability.

5. Auxiliary Systems:

Spline shafts are also applied in various auxiliary systems in aerospace and aviation equipment. These include systems such as power transmission for onboard generators, environmental control systems, fuel control systems, and hydraulic systems. Spline shafts in these applications contribute to the reliable operation and efficient functioning of the auxiliary equipment.

In aerospace and aviation applications, spline shafts are designed to meet stringent requirements for strength, durability, precision, and weight reduction. They are often made from high-strength materials such as titanium or alloy steel to withstand the demanding operating conditions and weight constraints of aircraft. Additionally, advanced manufacturing techniques are employed to ensure the dimensional accuracy and quality of spline shafts for critical aerospace applications.

The use of spline shafts in aerospace and aviation equipment enables precise control, efficient power transmission, and reliable operation, contributing to the safety, performance, and functionality of aircraft and related systems.

spline shaft

In which industries are spline shafts typically used?

Spline shafts find applications in a wide range of industries where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are critical. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Automotive Industry:

The automotive industry extensively uses spline shafts in various components and systems. They are found in transmissions, drivelines, steering systems, differentials, and axle assemblies. Spline shafts enable the transmission of torque, accommodate relative movement, and ensure efficient power transfer in vehicles.

2. Aerospace and Defense Industry:

Spline shafts are essential in the aerospace and defense industry. They are used in aircraft landing gear systems, actuation mechanisms, missile guidance systems, engine components, and rotor assemblies. The aerospace and defense sector relies on spline shafts for precise torque transfer, relative movement accommodation, and critical control mechanisms.

3. Industrial Machinery and Equipment:

Spline shafts are widely employed in industrial machinery and equipment. They are used in gearboxes, machine tools, pumps, compressors, conveyors, printing machinery, and packaging equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission, accommodate misalignments and vibrations, and ensure accurate movement and synchronization of machine components.

4. Agriculture and Farming:

The agriculture and farming industry extensively uses spline shafts in equipment such as tractors, harvesters, and agricultural implements. Spline shafts are found in power take-off (PTO) units, transmission systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and steering systems. They enable torque transfer, accommodate relative movement, and provide flexibility in agricultural machinery.

5. Construction and Mining:

In the construction and mining industries, spline shafts are used in equipment such as excavators, loaders, bulldozers, and drilling rigs. They are found in hydraulic systems, power transmission systems, and articulated mechanisms. Spline shafts facilitate torque transmission, accommodate misalignments, and enable efficient power transfer in heavy-duty machinery.

6. Marine and Offshore:

Spline shafts have applications in the marine and offshore industry. They are used in propulsion systems, thrusters, rudders, winches, and marine pumps. Spline shafts enable torque transmission in marine vessels and offshore equipment, accommodating axial and radial movement, and ensuring reliable power transfer.

7. Energy and Power Generation:

Spline shafts are utilized in the energy and power generation sector. They are found in turbines, generators, compressors, and other rotating equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission and accommodate relative movement in power generation systems, ensuring efficient and reliable operation.

8. Rail and Transportation:

Spline shafts are employed in the rail and transportation industry. They are found in locomotives, railcar systems, and suspension mechanisms. Spline shafts enable torque transfer, accommodate movement and vibrations, and ensure precise control in rail and transportation applications.

These are just a few examples of the industries where spline shafts are typically used. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them vital components in various sectors that rely on efficient power transfer, flexibility, and precise control.

China Standard Propeller Transmission Spline Planet Transmission Gear Shaft  China Standard Propeller Transmission Spline Planet Transmission Gear Shaft
editor by CX 2024-05-07

China Standard Transmission Spline Propeller Gear Shaft for Rice Transplanter

Product Description

Product Description

Product Parameters

Item Spur Gear Axle Shaft
Material 4140,4340,40Cr,42Crmo,42Crmo4,20Cr,20CrMnti, 20Crmo,35Crmo
OEM NO Customize
Certification ISO/TS16949
Test Requirement Magnetic Powder Test, Hardness Test, Dimension Test
Color Paint , Natural Finish ,Machining All Around
Material Aluminum: 5000series(5052…)/6000series(6061…)/7000series(7075…)
Steel: Carbon Steel,Middle Steel,Steel Alloy,etc.
Stainess Steel: 303/304/316,etc.
Copper/Brass/Bronze/Red Copper,etc.
Plastic:ABS,PP,PC,Nylon,Delrin(POM),Bakelite,etc.
Size According to Customer’s drawing or samples
Process CNC machining,Turning,Milling,Stamping,Grinding,Welding,Wire Injection,Cutting,etc.
Tolerance ≥+/-0.03mm
Surface Treatment (Sandblast)&(Hard)&(Color)Anodizing,(Chrome,Nickel,Zinc…)Plating,Painting,Powder Coating,Polishing,Blackened,Hardened,Lasering,Engraving,etc.
File Formats ProE,SolidWorks,UG,CAD,PDF(IGS,X-T,STP,STL)
Sample Available
Packing Spline protect cover ,Wood box ,Waterproof membrane; Or per customers’ requirements.

 

Our Advantages

Why Choose US ???

1. Equipment :

Our company boasts all necessary production equipment,
including Hydraulic press machines, Japanese CNC lathe (TAKISAWA), Korean gear hobbing machine (I SNT), gear shaping machine, machining center, CNC grinder, heat treatment line etc.

2. Processing precision:

We are a professional gear & gear shafts manufacturer. Our gears are around 6-7 grade in mass production.

3. Company:

We have 90 employees, including 10 technical staffs. Covering an area of 20000 square meters.

4. Certification :

Oue company has passed ISO 14001 and TS16949

5.Sample service :

We provide free sample for confirmation and customer bears the freight charges

6.OEM service :

Having our own factory and professional technicians,we welcome OEM orders as well.We can design and produce the specific product you need according to your detail information

 

Cooperation Partner

Company Profile

Our Featured Products

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Appearance Shape: Round
Rotation: Cw
Yield: 5, 000PCS / Month
Samples:
US$ 0/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

What materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts?

Various materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a list of commonly used materials:

1. Steel:

Steel is one of the most widely used materials for spline shafts. Different grades of steel, such as carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel, can be employed based on factors like strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Steel offers excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, durability, and wear resistance, making it suitable for a broad range of applications.

2. Alloy Steel:

Alloy steel is a type of steel that contains additional alloying elements, such as chromium, molybdenum, or nickel. These alloying elements enhance the mechanical properties of the steel, providing improved strength, toughness, and wear resistance. Alloy steel spline shafts are commonly used in applications that require high torque capacity, durability, and resistance to fatigue.

3. Stainless Steel:

Stainless steel is known for its corrosion resistance properties, making it suitable for applications where the spline shaft is exposed to moisture or corrosive environments. Stainless steel spline shafts are commonly used in industries such as food processing, chemical processing, marine, and medical equipment.

4. Aluminum:

Aluminum is a lightweight material with good strength-to-weight ratio. It is often used in applications where weight reduction is a priority, such as automotive and aerospace industries. Aluminum spline shafts can provide advantages such as decreased rotating mass and improved fuel efficiency.

5. Titanium:

Titanium is a strong and lightweight material with excellent corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in high-performance applications where weight reduction, strength, and corrosion resistance are critical factors. Titanium spline shafts find applications in aerospace, motorsports, and high-end industrial equipment.

6. Brass:

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, offering good machinability and corrosion resistance. It is often used in applications that require electrical conductivity or a non-magnetic property. Brass spline shafts can be found in industries such as electronics, telecommunications, and instrumentation.

7. Plastics and Composite Materials:

In certain applications where weight reduction, corrosion resistance, or noise reduction is important, plastics or composite materials can be used for spline shafts. Materials such as nylon, acetal, or fiber-reinforced composites can provide specific advantages in terms of weight, low friction, and resistance to chemicals.

It’s important to note that material selection for spline shafts depends on factors such as load requirements, environmental conditions, operating temperatures, and cost considerations. Engineers and designers evaluate these factors to determine the most suitable material for a given application.

spline shaft

Can you explain the common applications of spline shafts in machinery?

Spline shafts have various common applications in machinery where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Gearboxes and Transmissions:

Spline shafts are commonly used in gearboxes and transmissions where they facilitate the transmission of torque from the input shaft to the output shaft. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the gears, allowing for precise torque transfer and accommodating relative movement between the gears.

2. Power Take-Off (PTO) Units:

In agricultural and industrial machinery, spline shafts are employed in power take-off (PTO) units. PTO units allow the transfer of power from the engine to auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, generators, or farm implements. Spline shafts enable the torque transfer and accommodate the relative movement required for PTO operation.

3. Steering Systems:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in steering systems, especially in vehicles. They are used in steering columns to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. The splines on the shaft ensure precise torque transfer while allowing for the axial movement required for steering wheel adjustment.

4. Machine Tools:

Spline shafts find applications in machine tools such as milling machines, lathes, and grinding machines. They are used to transmit torque and enable the relative movement required for tool positioning, feed control, and spindle rotation. Spline shafts ensure accurate and controlled movement of the machine tool components.

5. Industrial Pumps and Compressors:

Spline shafts are utilized in various types of pumps and compressors, including centrifugal pumps, gear pumps, and reciprocating compressors. They transmit torque from the driver (such as an electric motor or an engine) to the impeller or rotor, enabling fluid or gas transfer. Spline shafts accommodate the axial or radial movement caused by thermal expansion or misalignment.

6. Printing and Packaging Machinery:

Spline shafts are integral components in printing and packaging machinery. They are used in processes such as web handling, where precise torque transmission and relative movement are required for tasks like tension control, registration, and material feeding. Spline shafts ensure accurate and synchronized movement of the printing and packaging elements.

7. Aerospace and Defense Systems:

In the aerospace and defense industries, spline shafts are utilized in various applications, including aircraft landing gear systems, missile guidance systems, and helicopter rotor systems. They enable torque transmission, accommodate relative movement, and ensure precise control in critical aerospace and defense mechanisms.

8. Construction and Earthmoving Equipment:

Spline shafts are employed in construction and earthmoving equipment, such as excavators, bulldozers, and loaders. They are used in hydraulic systems to transmit torque from the hydraulic motor to the driven components, such as the digger arm or the bucket. Spline shafts enable efficient power transfer and allow for the articulation and movement of the equipment.

These are just a few examples of the common applications of spline shafts in machinery. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them essential components in various industries where precise power transfer and flexibility are required.

China Standard Transmission Spline Propeller Gear Shaft for Rice Transplanter  China Standard Transmission Spline Propeller Gear Shaft for Rice Transplanter
editor by CX 2024-04-11

China Standard OEM Crusher Transmission Large Spline Shaft, Spur Gear Roller Shaft

Product Description

 

Product Description

Forging Shaft, Gear Shaft, Helical Gear Shaft, Herringbone Gear Shaft, Grinded Double Helical Gear Shaft, Spiral Gear Shaft, CHINAMFG Pinion Shaft

Application: Gearbox, Reducer, transmission parts for transmission device & equipment (large industrial reducer & driver), which mainly used on cement, mining, metallurgical industry, Seaport facilities etc.
Process: Drawing—Forging— Primary Detection —Normalizing & Tempering—Rough machining—Hardening Tempering—Semi-finishing machining—Drilling deep hole—Hobbing—Tooth Surface Quenching—Grinding Shaft diameter—Gear grinding—Gear Surface Carburizing—Inspection—Spray Anti-rust oil—Package—Delivery
Herringbone Gear Shaft Package
Spray anti-rust oil on Herringbone Gear Shaft, Wrap waterproof cloth around Gear Shaft for reducer, Prepare package by shaft shape&weight to choose steel frame, steel support or wooden box etc.
OEM Customized Gear Shaft
We supply OEM SERVICE, customized herringbone gear shaft with big module, more than 1tons big weight, more than 3m length, 42CrMo/35CrMo or your specified required material gear shaft. 

Detailed Photos

Product Parameters

Length L Range: >1m
Weight Kg Range: >100kg/ Single Piece
Shaft shape   Eccentric Shaft 
Material   Forging 42CrMo/40Cr or Customized
Heat Treatment   Normalizing, Tempering, Induction Harden, etc
Sand Blasting   Null
Testing   UT\MT
Trademark   TOTEM/OEM
Application   Stone Crusher, Grate Cooler etc
Transport Package   Export package (steel frame, wooden box, etc.)
Origin   China
HS Code   8483409000

CHINAMFG Service

TOTEM Machinery all the time works to supply GEAR SHAFT, ECCENTRIC SHAFT, HERRINGBONE GEAR, BEVEL GEAR, INTERNAL GEAR and other parts for transmission device & equipment (large industrial reducer & driver). Which mainly use to industrial equipment on fields of port facilities, cement, mining, metallurgical industry etc. 
TOTEM Machinery invests and becomes shareholders of several machine processing factories, forging factories, casting factories, relies on these strong reliable and high-quality suppliers’ network, to let customers worry-free purchase.  

TOTEM Philosophy: Quality-No.1, Integrity- No.1, Service- No.1 

24hrs Salesman on-line, guarantee quick and positive feedback. Experienced and Professional Forwarder Guarantee Log. transportation.

About CHINAMFG

1. Workshop & Processing Strength

2. Testing Facilities

3. Customer Inspection & Shipping

Contact CHINAMFG

ZheJiang CHINAMFG Machinery Co.,Ltd
  
Facebook: ZheJiang Totem

FAQ

What’s CHINAMFG product processing progress?
Drawing CHECK, Make Forging Mold, Forging Mold Quality Inspection Check, Machine Processing, Check Size\Hardness\Surface Finish and other technical parameters on drawing. 

How about TOTEM’s export package?
Spray anti-rust oil on Herringbone Gear Shaft, Wrap waterproof cloth around Gear Shaft for reducer, Prepare package by shaft shape&weight to choose steel frame, steel support or wooden box etc.

Could I customize gear\gear shaft on TOTEM?
We supply customized Gear Shaft,Eccentric Shaft,Herringbone Gear,Internal Gear,Bevel Gear with big module, more than 1tons big weight, more than 3m length, forging or casting 42CrMo/35CrMo or your specified required material. 

Why can I choose TOTEM?
TOTEM has 24hrs Salesman on-line, guarantee quick and positive feedback.
TOTEM Machinery invests and becomes shareholders of several machine processing factories, forging factories, casting factories, relies on these strong reliable and high-quality supplier’s network, to let customers worry-free purchase.
Experienced and Professional Forwarder Guarantee Log. transportation.

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Standard: GB, GOST, ASTM, DIN
Manufacturing Process: Forging
Transport Package: Export Package
Specification: large
Trademark: Totem
Origin: China
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be customized for specific machinery and equipment?

Yes, spline shafts can be customized to suit specific machinery and equipment requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Size and Length:

Spline shafts can be customized in terms of size and length to fit the dimensions of the machinery or equipment. Manufacturers can design spline shafts with the appropriate diameter, overall length, and spline length to ensure a proper fit within the system.

2. Spline Profile:

The spline profile can be customized based on the specific application. Different spline profiles, such as involute, serrated, or helical, can be used to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, and engagement characteristics based on the requirements of the machinery or equipment.

3. Number of Splines:

The number of splines on the shaft can be customized to match the mating component. The number of splines determines the engagement area and affects the torque-carrying capacity of the spline shaft. By adjusting the number of splines, manufacturers can tailor the spline shaft to the specific torque and load requirements of the machinery or equipment.

4. Material Selection:

The choice of material for spline shafts can be customized based on the operating conditions and environmental factors of the machinery or equipment. Different materials, such as alloy steels or stainless steels, can be selected to provide the necessary strength, durability, corrosion resistance, or other specific properties required for the application.

5. Surface Treatment:

The surface of spline shafts can be customized with various treatments to enhance their performance. Surface treatments like heat treatment, coating, or plating can be applied to improve hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance based on the specific requirements of the machinery or equipment.

6. Tolerances and Fit:

Tolerances and fit between the spline shaft and mating components can be customized to achieve the desired clearance or interference fit. This ensures proper engagement, smooth operation, and optimal performance of the machinery or equipment.

7. Special Features:

In certain cases, spline shafts can be customized with additional features to meet specific needs. This may include the incorporation of keyways, threads, or other specialized features required for the machinery or equipment.

Manufacturers and engineers work closely with the machinery or equipment designers to understand the specific requirements and tailor the spline shafts accordingly. By considering factors such as size, spline profile, number of splines, material selection, surface treatment, tolerances, fit, and any special features, customized spline shafts can be developed to ensure optimal performance and compatibility with the machinery or equipment.

It is important to consult with experienced spline shaft manufacturers or engineering professionals to determine the most suitable customization options for a particular machinery or equipment application.

spline shaft

What materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts?

Various materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a list of commonly used materials:

1. Steel:

Steel is one of the most widely used materials for spline shafts. Different grades of steel, such as carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel, can be employed based on factors like strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Steel offers excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, durability, and wear resistance, making it suitable for a broad range of applications.

2. Alloy Steel:

Alloy steel is a type of steel that contains additional alloying elements, such as chromium, molybdenum, or nickel. These alloying elements enhance the mechanical properties of the steel, providing improved strength, toughness, and wear resistance. Alloy steel spline shafts are commonly used in applications that require high torque capacity, durability, and resistance to fatigue.

3. Stainless Steel:

Stainless steel is known for its corrosion resistance properties, making it suitable for applications where the spline shaft is exposed to moisture or corrosive environments. Stainless steel spline shafts are commonly used in industries such as food processing, chemical processing, marine, and medical equipment.

4. Aluminum:

Aluminum is a lightweight material with good strength-to-weight ratio. It is often used in applications where weight reduction is a priority, such as automotive and aerospace industries. Aluminum spline shafts can provide advantages such as decreased rotating mass and improved fuel efficiency.

5. Titanium:

Titanium is a strong and lightweight material with excellent corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in high-performance applications where weight reduction, strength, and corrosion resistance are critical factors. Titanium spline shafts find applications in aerospace, motorsports, and high-end industrial equipment.

6. Brass:

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, offering good machinability and corrosion resistance. It is often used in applications that require electrical conductivity or a non-magnetic property. Brass spline shafts can be found in industries such as electronics, telecommunications, and instrumentation.

7. Plastics and Composite Materials:

In certain applications where weight reduction, corrosion resistance, or noise reduction is important, plastics or composite materials can be used for spline shafts. Materials such as nylon, acetal, or fiber-reinforced composites can provide specific advantages in terms of weight, low friction, and resistance to chemicals.

It’s important to note that material selection for spline shafts depends on factors such as load requirements, environmental conditions, operating temperatures, and cost considerations. Engineers and designers evaluate these factors to determine the most suitable material for a given application.

spline shaft

What is a spline shaft and what is its primary function?

A spline shaft is a mechanical component that consists of a series of ridges or teeth (called splines) that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. Its primary function is to transmit torque while allowing for the relative movement or sliding of mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Structure and Design:

A spline shaft typically has a cylindrical shape with external or internal splines. The external spline shaft has splines on the outer surface, while the internal spline shaft has splines on the inner bore. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the specific application and design requirements.

2. Torque Transmission:

The main function of a spline shaft is to transmit torque between two mating components, such as gears, couplings, or other rotational elements. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a mechanical interlock. When torque is applied to the spline shaft, the engagement between the splines ensures that the rotational force is transferred from the shaft to the mating component, allowing the system to transmit power.

3. Relative Movement:

Unlike other types of shafts, a spline shaft allows for relative movement or sliding between the shaft and the mating component. This sliding motion can be axial (along the shaft’s axis) or radial (perpendicular to the shaft’s axis). The splines provide a precise and controlled interface that allows for this movement while maintaining torque transmission. This feature is particularly useful in applications where axial or radial displacement or misalignment needs to be accommodated.

4. Load Distribution:

Another important function of a spline shaft is to distribute the applied load evenly along its length. The splines create multiple contact points between the shaft and the mating component, which helps to distribute the torque and axial or radial forces over a larger surface area. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure.

5. Versatility and Applications:

Spline shafts find applications in various industries and systems, including automotive, aerospace, machinery, and power transmission. They are commonly used in gearboxes, drive systems, power take-off units, steering systems, and many other rotational mechanisms where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential.

6. Design Considerations:

When designing a spline shaft, factors such as the torque requirements, speed, applied loads, and environmental conditions need to be considered. The spline geometry, material selection, and surface finish are critical for ensuring proper engagement, load-bearing capacity, and durability of the spline shaft.

In summary, a spline shaft is a mechanical component with splines that allows for torque transmission while accommodating relative movement or sliding between mating components. Its primary function is to transmit rotational force, distribute loads, and enable axial or radial displacement in various applications requiring precise torque transfer and flexibility.

China Standard OEM Crusher Transmission Large Spline Shaft, Spur Gear Roller Shaft  China Standard OEM Crusher Transmission Large Spline Shaft, Spur Gear Roller Shaft
editor by CX 2024-03-20

China Standard Propeller Transmission Spline Planet Transmission Gear Shaft

Product Description

Customizations to products

                                                                     specification
 WAI No    No Of Teeth Rotation Length(mm) Pinion O.D.(mm) No OF Splines Pinion I.D.(mm) Drive O.D.(mm)
         6/12    CW       126    14      12             
        6/12      CW      117      14      10    

Item Spur Gear Axle Shaft 
Material 4140,4340,40Cr,42Crmo,42Crmo4
OEM NO Customize
Certification ISO/TS16949
Test Requirement Magnetic Powder Test, Hardness Test, Dimension Test
Color Paint , Natural Finish ,Machining All Around
Material Aluminum: 5000series(5052…)/6000series(6061…)/7000series(7075…)
Steel: Carbon Steel,Middle Steel,Steel Alloy,etc.
Stainess Steel: 303/304/316,etc.
Copper/Brass/Bronze/Red Copper,etc.
Plastic:ABS,PP,PC,Nylon,Delrin(POM),Bakelite,etc.
Size According to Customer’s drawing or samples
Process CNC machining,Turning,Milling,Stamping,Grinding,Welding,Wire Injection,Cutting,etc.
Tolerance ≥+/-0.03mm
Surface Treatment (Sandblast)&(Hard)&(Color)Anodizing,(Chrome,Nickel,Zinc…)Plating,Painting,Powder Coating,Polishing,Blackened,Hardened,Lasering,Engraving,etc.
File Formats ProE,SolidWorks,UG,CAD,PDF(IGS,X-T,STP,STL)
Sample Available
Packing Spline protect cover ,Wood box ,Waterproof membrane; Or per customers’ requirements.

Sample service
We provide free sample for confirmation and customer bears the freight charges
OEM service
Having our own factory and professional technicians,we welcome OEM orders as well.We can design and produce the specific product you need according to your detail information
After-sale Service
Our enthusiastic and friendly customer service representatives are ready to assist with any questions or problems /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Appearance Shape: Round
 No of Teeth:  6/12
Rotation: Cw
Samples:
US$ 0/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in automotive applications, and if so, how?

Yes, spline shafts are extensively used in automotive applications due to their ability to transmit torque and provide reliable power transmission. Here’s how spline shafts are used in automotive applications:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in various automotive systems and components, including:

  • Drivetrain: Spline shafts are an integral part of the drivetrain system in vehicles. They transmit torque from the engine to the wheels, allowing the vehicle to move. Spline shafts are present in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts. In manual transmissions, the spline shaft connects the transmission input shaft to the clutch disc, enabling power transfer from the engine. In automatic transmissions, spline shafts are used in the torque converter and the output shaft.
  • Steering System: Spline shafts are employed in the steering system to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. They provide a direct connection between the driver’s input and the movement of the wheels, allowing for steering control.
  • Power Take-Off (PTO) Systems: Some vehicles, particularly commercial trucks and agricultural machinery, utilize PTO systems. Spline shafts are used in PTOs to transfer power from the vehicle’s engine to auxiliary equipment, such as hydraulic pumps, generators, or agricultural implements.
  • Transfer Cases: In four-wheel-drive (4WD) or all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicles, transfer cases are used to distribute power to the front and rear axles. Spline shafts are utilized in the transfer case to transfer torque between the transmission and the front and rear drive shafts.
  • Propeller Shafts: Spline shafts are present in propeller shafts, which transmit torque from the transmission or transfer case to the rear axle in rear-wheel-drive vehicles. They accommodate the relative movement between the transmission and the axle due to suspension travel.

In automotive applications, spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads, provide precise torque transmission, and accommodate misalignments and fluctuations in operating conditions. They are typically made from high-strength steel or alloy materials to ensure durability and resistance to wear. Proper lubrication is essential to minimize friction and ensure smooth operation.

The use of spline shafts in automotive applications allows for efficient power transmission, precise control, and reliable performance, contributing to the overall functionality and drivability of vehicles.

spline shaft

In which industries are spline shafts typically used?

Spline shafts find applications in a wide range of industries where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are critical. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Automotive Industry:

The automotive industry extensively uses spline shafts in various components and systems. They are found in transmissions, drivelines, steering systems, differentials, and axle assemblies. Spline shafts enable the transmission of torque, accommodate relative movement, and ensure efficient power transfer in vehicles.

2. Aerospace and Defense Industry:

Spline shafts are essential in the aerospace and defense industry. They are used in aircraft landing gear systems, actuation mechanisms, missile guidance systems, engine components, and rotor assemblies. The aerospace and defense sector relies on spline shafts for precise torque transfer, relative movement accommodation, and critical control mechanisms.

3. Industrial Machinery and Equipment:

Spline shafts are widely employed in industrial machinery and equipment. They are used in gearboxes, machine tools, pumps, compressors, conveyors, printing machinery, and packaging equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission, accommodate misalignments and vibrations, and ensure accurate movement and synchronization of machine components.

4. Agriculture and Farming:

The agriculture and farming industry extensively uses spline shafts in equipment such as tractors, harvesters, and agricultural implements. Spline shafts are found in power take-off (PTO) units, transmission systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and steering systems. They enable torque transfer, accommodate relative movement, and provide flexibility in agricultural machinery.

5. Construction and Mining:

In the construction and mining industries, spline shafts are used in equipment such as excavators, loaders, bulldozers, and drilling rigs. They are found in hydraulic systems, power transmission systems, and articulated mechanisms. Spline shafts facilitate torque transmission, accommodate misalignments, and enable efficient power transfer in heavy-duty machinery.

6. Marine and Offshore:

Spline shafts have applications in the marine and offshore industry. They are used in propulsion systems, thrusters, rudders, winches, and marine pumps. Spline shafts enable torque transmission in marine vessels and offshore equipment, accommodating axial and radial movement, and ensuring reliable power transfer.

7. Energy and Power Generation:

Spline shafts are utilized in the energy and power generation sector. They are found in turbines, generators, compressors, and other rotating equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission and accommodate relative movement in power generation systems, ensuring efficient and reliable operation.

8. Rail and Transportation:

Spline shafts are employed in the rail and transportation industry. They are found in locomotives, railcar systems, and suspension mechanisms. Spline shafts enable torque transfer, accommodate movement and vibrations, and ensure precise control in rail and transportation applications.

These are just a few examples of the industries where spline shafts are typically used. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them vital components in various sectors that rely on efficient power transfer, flexibility, and precise control.

China Standard Propeller Transmission Spline Planet Transmission Gear Shaft  China Standard Propeller Transmission Spline Planet Transmission Gear Shaft
editor by CX 2024-01-10

China Standard CNC High Efficiency Carbon Alloy Precision Transmission Spline Gear Drive Shaft

Product Description

Product Description

Material: 45#Steel,20CrMnTi,40Cr,20CrNiMo,20MnCr5,GCR15SiMn,42CrMo,2Cr13stainless steel,Nylon,Bakelite,Copper,Aluminium.etc
Process: The main process is Gear Hobbing, Gear Shaping and Gear Grinding, Selecting production process according to the different products.
Heat Treatmente: Carburizing and quenching ,High-frequency quenching,Nitriding, Hardening and tempering, Selecting heat treatment according to the different materials.
Testing Equipment Rockwell hardness tester 500RA, 

Double mesh instrument HD-200B & 3102,

Gear measurement center instrument CNC3906T 

other High precision detection equipments

Certification 0.1-90 kg
Casting Size: Max linear size: 1200 mm, Max diameter size: 600 mm
Machining tolerace: GB/T19001-2016/ISO9001:2015
Machining surface roughness: Ra0.8 ~ 6.3 um
Material standard: GB, ASTM, AISI, DIN, BS, JIS, NF, AS, AAR
Usage: Used in printing machine, cleaning machine, medical equipment, garden machine, construction machine, electric car, valve, forklift, transportation equipment and various gear reducers.etc
Quality control: 100% inspection before packing
Manufacture Standard 5-8 Grade ISO1328-1997.

Company Profile

SIMIS CASTING, established in year of 2004, is a professional foundry, including integrating development and production together, specialized in producing various kinds of investment casting parts, and CHINAMFG parts. These casting parts are widely used in automobile industry, railway vehicle, construction machine, municipal works, pipeline, petrochemical industry, mine, electric utility industry and so on.

SIMIS has 6 affiliated casting workshop and 2 professional CNC machining workshops. There are 500 staffs and 40 engineers now in our company. Its annual production capacity for all types of casting parts is about 3000 tons. Holding over 100 sets of advanced casting parts, machining and test equipments.

It is also equipped with many advanced CNC machining center, CNC turning center, CNC milling machine and CNC lathes. It can do the heat-treatment, electricity polishing, mirror polishing and CNC machining at the request of clients.

Application Field

Testing Ability

 

Dimensional Non-Destructive Tests(N.D.T.) Chemical & Mechanical
Surface Roughness Test Dye Penetrant Chemical analysis
Microscopic Measurement Radiography (RT) Metallography
3D ScHangZhou Magnetic Particle (MT) Tensile Strength
CMM Ultra-Sonic (UT) Yield Strength
Impact Test Hardness Test Elongation Rate
    Shrinkage Rate

Surface Treatment

FAQ

Q1:Are you manufactory or trade company?

A1:We are an enterprise integrating manufacturer and trade for many years already in ZheJiang province, China. And we are AAA grade credit enterprise, and also we have cooperative plants to provide other services such as plating and coating .

 

Q2: How could I get a free quotation?

A2:Please send us your drawings by Alibaba or email. The file format is PDF / DWG / STP / STEP / IGS and etc. IF there are no drawings, we can make the drawings according to your samples!

 

Q3:How to control quality?

A3:First, all raw materials are inspected by the quality control department before they are put into storage. Second, during the casting process, 3 times of spectral analysis were performed at the front, middle and back respectively. Third, after the parts are cleaned, perform a first visual inspection to check whether the product has casting defects before sending it to the next process. Fourth, conduct a comprehensive QC inspection of each part before shipment, including chemical composition, mechanical properties and other specific tests. Transactions can be through Alibaba’s trade assurance.
 

Q4:Can we have our Logo or company name to be printed on your products or package?
A4:Sure. Your Logo could be printed on your products by Hot Stamping, Printing, Embossing, UV Coating, Silk-screen Printing or Sticker.

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.



To be negotiated
Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Toy, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: External Gear
Samples:
US$ 5/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be applied in aerospace and aviation equipment?

Yes, spline shafts are commonly applied in aerospace and aviation equipment due to their ability to transmit torque and provide precise rotational motion. Here’s how spline shafts are used in the aerospace and aviation industry:

1. Aircraft Engines:

Spline shafts are utilized in aircraft engines for various purposes. They can be found in the engine’s accessory gearbox, where they transmit torque from the engine to drive auxiliary components such as fuel pumps, hydraulic pumps, generators, and engine starters. Spline shafts are also present in the engine’s variable geometry systems, which control the position of components like variable stator vanes or variable inlet guide vanes.

2. Flight Control Systems:

Spline shafts play a vital role in aircraft flight control systems. They are employed in the actuators and control mechanisms that operate the flaps, ailerons, elevators, rudders, and other control surfaces. Spline shafts enable precise and efficient transfer of control inputs from the cockpit to the respective control surfaces, contributing to the maneuverability and stability of the aircraft.

3. Landing Gear:

Spline shafts are used in the landing gear systems of aircraft. They can be found in components such as the landing gear actuator, which extends and retracts the landing gear, and the steering mechanism that controls the nose wheel. Spline shafts in landing gear systems need to withstand high loads, provide reliable operation, and ensure precise movement for safe and smooth landings and takeoffs.

4. Helicopter Rotors:

Helicopters rely on spline shafts in the main rotor assembly. The main rotor shaft, which transfers power from the helicopter’s engine to the rotor blades, often incorporates splines to ensure a secure connection and efficient torque transmission. Spline shafts are critical for maintaining stable and precise rotation of the rotor blades, allowing for controlled lift and maneuverability.

5. Auxiliary Systems:

Spline shafts are also applied in various auxiliary systems in aerospace and aviation equipment. These include systems such as power transmission for onboard generators, environmental control systems, fuel control systems, and hydraulic systems. Spline shafts in these applications contribute to the reliable operation and efficient functioning of the auxiliary equipment.

In aerospace and aviation applications, spline shafts are designed to meet stringent requirements for strength, durability, precision, and weight reduction. They are often made from high-strength materials such as titanium or alloy steel to withstand the demanding operating conditions and weight constraints of aircraft. Additionally, advanced manufacturing techniques are employed to ensure the dimensional accuracy and quality of spline shafts for critical aerospace applications.

The use of spline shafts in aerospace and aviation equipment enables precise control, efficient power transmission, and reliable operation, contributing to the safety, performance, and functionality of aircraft and related systems.

spline shaft

What are the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems?

Using spline shafts in mechanical systems offers several advantages. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts provide efficient torque transmission between the driving and driven components. The interlocking splines ensure a secure and reliable transfer of rotational force, enabling the transmission of power and motion in mechanical systems.

2. Relative Movement Accommodation:

Spline shafts can accommodate relative movement between the driving and driven components. They allow axial, radial, and angular displacements, compensating for misalignments, thermal expansion, and vibrations. This flexibility helps to maintain proper engagement and minimize stress concentrations.

3. Load Distribution:

The splines on the shaft distribute the transmitted load across the entire engagement surface. This helps to reduce localized stresses and prevents premature wear or failure of the components. The load distribution capability of spline shafts contributes to the overall durability and longevity of the mechanical system.

4. Precise Positioning and Control:

Spline shafts enable precise positioning and control of mechanical components. The splines provide accurate rotational alignment, allowing for precise angular positioning and indexing. This is crucial in applications where precise control and synchronization of movements are required.

5. Interchangeability and Standardization:

Spline shafts are available in standardized designs and dimensions. This enables interchangeability between components and facilitates easier maintenance and replacement. Standardization also simplifies the design and manufacturing processes, reducing costs and lead times.

6. High Power Transmission Capacity:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads. The interlocking splines provide a large contact area, distributing the transmitted torque across multiple teeth. This allows spline shafts to handle higher power transmission requirements, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications.

7. Versatility:

Spline shafts can be designed and manufactured to suit various application requirements. They can be customized in terms of size, shape, number of splines, and spline profile to match the specific needs of a mechanical system. This versatility makes spline shafts adaptable to a wide range of industries and applications.

8. Reduced Slippage and Backlash:

When properly designed and manufactured, spline shafts exhibit minimal slippage and backlash. The tight fit between the splines prevents significant axial or radial movement during torque transmission, resulting in improved efficiency and precision in mechanical systems.

In summary, the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems include efficient torque transmission, accommodation of relative movement, load distribution, precise positioning and control, interchangeability, high power transmission capacity, versatility, and reduced slippage and backlash. These advantages make spline shafts a reliable and effective choice in various applications where power transfer, flexibility, and precise motion control are essential.

China Standard CNC High Efficiency Carbon Alloy Precision Transmission Spline Gear Drive Shaft  China Standard CNC High Efficiency Carbon Alloy Precision Transmission Spline Gear Drive Shaft
editor by CX 2023-10-08

China Standard Customized Steel Spur Helical Pinion Tooth Spline Shaft Gear Shaft with Good quality

Product Description

customized steel spur helical pinion tooth spline shaft gear shaft
Product Description:  
Brief Description And Advantages:
1. Produce as drawings
2. Material will be requirements
3. Strictly quality control
4. OEM is acceptable

Company Information:
Our Feature:
(1)In-house capability: OEM service as per customers’ requests, with in-house tooling design & fabricating
(2)Professional engineering capability: On product design, optimization and performance analysis
(3)Manufacturing capability range: DIN 3960, ISO 1328, AGMA 2000, JIS 1702-1703, etc.
(4)Packing: pallets, or according to customer’s requirement
(5)Just-in-time delivery capability

Primary Competitive Advantages:
Manufacturer
Professional Engineering Capability
Stable Quality
Reasonable Price
Small Orders Accepted
Continuous Improvements
High Product Performance
Prompt Delivery
Professional Service

Q1: Are you a trade company or a factory?
A: We are a factory which has been specialized in hardware, fasteners, bolt, nut, screws, washer, threaded rod, anchors, motor accessories, auto and motorcycle accessories, stainless steel plate, etc  for more than 30 years.

Q2: Can you provide a sample?
A: Yes, we can provide you with free samples, but not including courier fees.

Q3: What is your delivery time?
A: If we have stock, we can delivery within 2 days after receive the payment. And normally our production is in 20-30 days for 1 container products.

Q4: What is your terms of payment ?
A: Small order 100% in advance. Mostly we use 30% advance payment by T/T, 70% before shipment. Or we discuss the details.

Q5: Can I request to change the packaging and transportation form?
A: Yes, we can change the form of packaging and transportation according to your requirements, we will add the price differences incurred during this period to the unit price.
 

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.



To be negotiated
Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Samples:
US$ 0.01/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

splineshaft

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Standard Customized Steel Spur Helical Pinion Tooth Spline Shaft Gear Shaft   with Good quality China Standard Customized Steel Spur Helical Pinion Tooth Spline Shaft Gear Shaft   with Good quality
editor by CX 2023-05-26

China Standard MTZ Tractor Spare Parts Middle Gear Spline Shaft OEM 70-2407053-01 drive shaft center bearing

Condition: New
Warranty: 1 Year
Applicable Industries: Machinery Repair Shops
Showroom Location: None
Structure: Gear
Material: 20CrMnTi, 20CrMnTi,20CrMo,8620,brass,aluminum,etc
Coatings: Black Oxide
Torque Capacity: 36-01
Teeth Number: 13
Processing: forging,matching,hobbing,heat treatment,coating
Application: automobile parts for MTZ
Quality: 1-01

Company Information For over 20years rich experience professional in Auto Parts of Gears,shafts and Machine Parts of Hydraulic Chucks,HangZhou Harst Machinery Co.,LTD is mature with advanced equipment, management of production capacity,quality control,R&D,exhibition experience,and export market.Our skilled technician are our valuable wealth and ensure our steady quality.

Material 20CrMnTi,20CrMo,8620,brass,aluminum,steel and etc
Process precision hot and cold forging,pressing,CNC lathe matching,roll forming,drilling,gear hobbing and shaving,chamfering,heat treatment(annealing,normalizing,carbonitriding,carburizing,tempering) and etc
Application Transmission gears used in Tractor,Truck,Car,Bus Auto Parts and etc
Brand SYFJ

Packaging & Shipping
1. Inner packing:polyethylene bag,box
2. Outer packing:Carton or pallet
3. Customized packing is also available

Our Services
1.Factory competitive price with good material,excellent and high quality control,small qty order accepted

2.Prompt delivery and good after-sale service

3.Customer’s drawing and samples accepted

4.Low friction,wear resiant,carburizing and quenching process,easy replacement

5.Professional and experienced techniquer and engineer

6.Advanced equipment for gears and shaft

7.OEM service(model,number of teeth,outside and inside diameters,thickness)

FAQ
A: What product Harst Produce?
1. Machine Parts(around 15years developed and input finally made great sale),like high precision Hydraulic Chuck and with its accessory flange,sof jaw ,hard jaw,Cylinder,slider,flange and etc.
2. Automobile Parts(more than 20years professional manufacture),like various kinds of transmission and differential parts in gears and shaft.

B: What’s Harst’s Advantage?
1.Factory effectively and timely to control production and quality and shipping time!
2.Advanced equipment with our techinician’s professional quide and goods in skillful process and finishing.
3.we hereby guarantee every customer’s after-sale service.

C: How to quickly exactly find the product which you need?
1.Search OEM in our website directly
2.Send us email with product drawing or picture or model number

A.Professional Factory: We have 20year special experience in manufacturing& exporting gears.Our imporoved and advanced enquipment and owned skilled technician so ensure you best quality and definitely with our best factory competitive price.
B.Good material and Quality:Since we are CZPT factory,we expect and look forward long cooperation,So material and quality we paid high attention. And for quality we usually checkout during the production twice to control the quality,and we can also test on machine
C.Non Standard Gears: Any requirement for Non-standard gears,we welcome your drawing or samples,we can develop for you what gears you want.
D.Best services:We do best effort we can to our customers.


What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are two main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each one is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of two main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are two common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between two centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China Standard MTZ Tractor Spare Parts Middle Gear Spline Shaft OEM 70-2407053-01     drive shaft center bearing		China Standard MTZ Tractor Spare Parts Middle Gear Spline Shaft OEM 70-2407053-01     drive shaft center bearing
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China Standard High Precision Turbine Wheel Sale Gear Worm Gear Shaft near me manufacturer

Product NamberCopper ShaftMain processCnc lathe turningMain materialBrass, Steel, AluminumDigital controlledYes Company Profile Productive process Certifications FAQ Q1: How can I get shaft pin sample? Sample fee will be free if we have in stock, you just need to pay the shipping cost is OK.Q2: How to pay for the order?There are 5 options to pay the order: Bank Transfer; Western Union; Weight Lifting custom drawing pully wheels injection molded nylon plastic pulley sheave black Paypal; Payoneer, Alibaba Trade Assurance. Kindly choose the most suitable way for you to arrange it.Q3: What is the shipping method?Most of the goods were sent out by international airway express company like DHL, UPS, FedEx, EPX drive shaft assembly for CZPT Cruizer OE 43430-04070 43430-60060 43430-60080 43430-60082 43430-60090 43403-6571 TNT. Usually takes around 3-5 working days (door to door service). We also can arrange shipment via seaway.Q4: Can you give me help if my products are very urgent?Yes, We can work overtime and add a few machines to produce these products if you need it urgently. Q5: I want to keep our design in secret, can we sign NDA?Sure, we will not display any customers’ design or show to other people, NMRV right angle transmission gearbox speed reduction gear screw gearbox we can sign NDA.

How to Calculate the Diameter of a Worm Gear

worm shaft
In this article, we will discuss the characteristics of the Duplex, Single-throated, and Undercut worm gears and the analysis of worm shaft deflection. Besides that, we will explore how the diameter of a worm gear is calculated. If you have any doubt about the function of a worm gear, you can refer to the table below. Also, keep in mind that a worm gear has several important parameters which determine its working.

Duplex worm gear

A duplex worm gear set is distinguished by its ability to maintain precise angles and high gear ratios. The backlash of the gearing can be readjusted several times. The axial position of the worm shaft can be determined by adjusting screws on the housing cover. This feature allows for low backlash engagement of the worm tooth pitch with the worm gear. This feature is especially beneficial when backlash is a critical factor when selecting gears.
The standard worm gear shaft requires less lubrication than its dual counterpart. Worm gears are difficult to lubricate because they are sliding rather than rotating. They also have fewer moving parts and fewer points of failure. The disadvantage of a worm gear is that you cannot reverse the direction of power due to friction between the worm and the wheel. Because of this, they are best used in machines that operate at low speeds.
Worm wheels have teeth that form a helix. This helix produces axial thrust forces, depending on the hand of the helix and the direction of rotation. To handle these forces, the worms should be mounted securely using dowel pins, step shafts, and dowel pins. To prevent the worm from shifting, the worm wheel axis must be aligned with the center of the worm wheel’s face width.
The backlash of the CZPT duplex worm gear is adjustable. By shifting the worm axially, the section of the worm with the desired tooth thickness is in contact with the wheel. As a result, the backlash is adjustable. Worm gears are an excellent choice for rotary tables, high-precision reversing applications, and ultra-low-backlash gearboxes. Axial shift backlash is a major advantage of duplex worm gears, and this feature translates into a simple and fast assembly process.
When choosing a gear set, the size and lubrication process will be crucial. If you’re not careful, you might end up with a damaged gear or one with improper backlash. Luckily, there are some simple ways to maintain the proper tooth contact and backlash of your worm gears, ensuring long-term reliability and performance. As with any gear set, proper lubrication will ensure your worm gears last for years to come.
worm shaft

Single-throated worm gear

Worm gears mesh by sliding and rolling motions, but sliding contact dominates at high reduction ratios. Worm gears’ efficiency is limited by the friction and heat generated during sliding, so lubrication is necessary to maintain optimal efficiency. The worm and gear are usually made of dissimilar metals, such as phosphor-bronze or hardened steel. MC nylon, a synthetic engineering plastic, is often used for the shaft.
Worm gears are highly efficient in transmission of power and are adaptable to various types of machinery and devices. Their low output speed and high torque make them a popular choice for power transmission. A single-throated worm gear is easy to assemble and lock. A double-throated worm gear requires two shafts, one for each worm gear. Both styles are efficient in high-torque applications.
Worm gears are widely used in power transmission applications because of their low speed and compact design. A numerical model was developed to calculate the quasi-static load sharing between gears and mating surfaces. The influence coefficient method allows fast computing of the deformation of the gear surface and local contact of the mating surfaces. The resultant analysis shows that a single-throated worm gear can reduce the amount of energy required to drive an electric motor.
In addition to the wear caused by friction, a worm wheel can experience additional wear. Because the worm wheel is softer than the worm, most of the wear occurs on the wheel. In fact, the number of teeth on a worm wheel should not match its thread count. A single-throated worm gear shaft can increase the efficiency of a machine by as much as 35%. In addition, it can lower the cost of running.
A worm gear is used when the diametrical pitch of the worm wheel and worm gear are the same. If the diametrical pitch of both gears is the same, the two worms will mesh properly. In addition, the worm wheel and worm will be attached to each other with a set screw. This screw is inserted into the hub and then secured with a locknut.

Undercut worm gear

Undercut worm gears have a cylindrical shaft, and their teeth are shaped in an evolution-like pattern. Worms are made of a hardened cemented metal, 16MnCr5. The number of gear teeth is determined by the pressure angle at the zero gearing correction. The teeth are convex in normal and centre-line sections. The diameter of the worm is determined by the worm’s tangential profile, d1. Undercut worm gears are used when the number of teeth in the cylinder is large, and when the shaft is rigid enough to resist excessive load.
The center-line distance of the worm gears is the distance from the worm centre to the outer diameter. This distance affects the worm’s deflection and its safety. Enter a specific value for the bearing distance. Then, the software proposes a range of suitable solutions based on the number of teeth and the module. The table of solutions contains various options, and the selected variant is transferred to the main calculation.
A pressure-angle-angle-compensated worm can be manufactured using single-pointed lathe tools or end mills. The worm’s diameter and depth are influenced by the cutter used. In addition, the diameter of the grinding wheel determines the profile of the worm. If the worm is cut too deep, it will result in undercutting. Despite the undercutting risk, the design of worm gearing is flexible and allows considerable freedom.
The reduction ratio of a worm gear is massive. With only a little effort, the worm gear can significantly reduce speed and torque. In contrast, conventional gear sets need to make multiple reductions to get the same reduction level. Worm gears also have several disadvantages. Worm gears can’t reverse the direction of power because the friction between the worm and the wheel makes this impossible. The worm gear can’t reverse the direction of power, but the worm moves from one direction to another.
The process of undercutting is closely related to the profile of the worm. The worm’s profile will vary depending on the worm diameter, lead angle, and grinding wheel diameter. The worm’s profile will change if the generating process has removed material from the tooth base. A small undercut reduces tooth strength and reduces contact. For smaller gears, a minimum of 14-1/2degPA gears should be used.
worm shaft

Analysis of worm shaft deflection

To analyze the worm shaft deflection, we first derived its maximum deflection value. The deflection is calculated using the Euler-Bernoulli method and Timoshenko shear deformation. Then, we calculated the moment of inertia and the area of the transverse section using CAD software. In our analysis, we used the results of the test to compare the resulting parameters with the theoretical ones.
We can use the resulting centre-line distance and worm gear tooth profiles to calculate the required worm deflection. Using these values, we can use the worm gear deflection analysis to ensure the correct bearing size and worm gear teeth. Once we have these values, we can transfer them to the main calculation. Then, we can calculate the worm deflection and its safety. Then, we enter the values into the appropriate tables, and the resulting solutions are automatically transferred into the main calculation. However, we have to keep in mind that the deflection value will not be considered safe if it is larger than the worm gear’s outer diameter.
We use a four-stage process for investigating worm shaft deflection. We first apply the finite element method to compute the deflection and compare the simulation results with the experimentally tested worm shafts. Finally, we perform parameter studies with 15 worm gear toothings without considering the shaft geometry. This step is the first of four stages of the investigation. Once we have calculated the deflection, we can use the simulation results to determine the parameters needed to optimize the design.
Using a calculation system to calculate worm shaft deflection, we can determine the efficiency of worm gears. There are several parameters to optimize gearing efficiency, including material and geometry, and lubricant. In addition, we can reduce the bearing losses, which are caused by bearing failures. We can also identify the supporting method for the worm shafts in the options menu. The theoretical section provides further information.

China Standard High Precision Turbine Wheel Sale Gear Worm Gear Shaft  near me manufacturer China Standard High Precision Turbine Wheel Sale Gear Worm Gear Shaft  near me manufacturer